What is Osgood-Schlatter’s disease?

We have had a number of parents ask us about Osgood-Schlatter’s disease. Here is a brief summary of what the injury is all about.

Osgood-Schlatter’s disease occurs on the upper shin bone or Tibia just below the knee cap. The area will often swell and become painful. Children and adolescents are more prone to it. The injury is an overuse injury occurring more in boys than girls with very active children being more at risk.

Dr’s Osgood and Schlatter published a paper documenting the injury in 1902 and the injury has subsequently taken on their two names.

What happens is that through running and/or jumping, the Patella Tendon starts to pull away from its attachment on the Anterior Tibial Tubercle. You can feel the area on the Tibia just below the knee cap.  In severe cases it is possible for the tendon to totally detach itself.

Your doctor would in most cases diagnose without an x-ray unless there is suspicion that parts of the bone have pulled away .In most cases you would be advised to rest, ice and take a non-steriodal anti-inflammatory.

As part of the recovery, it will be important to make sure that the Quadricep muscles are well stretched. However the traditional ‘grab’ your foot from behind stretch is to be avoided as it places the knee joint under severe strain and can exacerbate the condition. There are a few modified stretches that we can help you with.

In severe cases the child may be placed in a brace to limit movement of the leg.

Kinesiology tape can also be put on the joint to help protect the joint as the person slowly returns to normal training.

The injury seldom leaves any long lasting effect, although a small bump may remain. This bump is as a result of the body attempting to repair itself.

About sbrsport

SBR Sport specialises in Swimming, Biking and Running. On the medical side we are able to do intensive bike setups, leg assessments and soft tissue release. Follow us on twitter - www.twitter.com/swimbikerunshop and/or facebook - www.facebook.com/sbrsport.
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